Duration: More than 3 hours
Price Guide: 1RMB
Are you ready for an exciting ancient architecture tour? In this tour, you will visit the most famous ancient buildings in Beijing, of which the oldest dates back to the 15th Century. Please remember to wear comfy shoes. It might be a long day, but there are lots of things to see.
Start from the south of Tiananmen Square, and walk north, towards the Tiananmen Gate, the building that has a large picture of Chairman Mao. Your first stop is exactly where you are standing, Tiananmen Square.
Tiananmen Square is the political centre of all of China. It is the biggest inner-city square in the world at 440,000 square metres. Tiananmen Square is built highly symmetrical. It used to be part of the corridor towards the Forbidden City, called the Thousand Steps Corridor. In 1950, the Chinese government changed it create the biggest square in the world.
The direction is towards to the centre of Tiananmen Square. There is a huge rectangle building, called Mao Ze Dong Memorial Hall.
The Mao Ze Dong Memorial Hall was built in 1977. Mao Ze Dong is the first Chairman in the People Republic of China (PRC). He is considered as a great hero in China. If you visit this Hall, you will learn something about this great man and the most attractive point is his real body in a crystal coffin.
If you look left from Mao Ze Dong Memorial Hall, you will see famous the Great Hall.
The Great Hall was built in 1959. At the back of the hall is the great hall which can hold 10,000 people. The banqueting hall in the north has 5000 seats. The National People’s Congress is held here each March. It is used as concert hall sometimes, but just for the highest level concerts.
On the right-hand side of Mao Ze Dong memorial Hall is the National Museum of China. Cross the street, you will be there.
The building was built in 1959 and became a museum from 2003. The National Museum of Chinese History has more than 3,000,000 precious articles which provide a vivid portrayal of Chinese history. In the National Museum of the Chinese Revolution there are displays of over 4500 articles, including literature, pictures, drawings and sculptures.
No matter which building you are at now, keep walking to the ancient gate that has Chairman Mao’s picture on it. That is the final attraction at Tiananmen Square.
Tiananmen Gate is the southern gate of the Forbidden City. It was built in 1417 during the Ming dynasty. There is a river in front of Tiananmen Gate, called Golden River and the marble bridges that cross the river are called the Golden River Bridges.
Walk through Tiananmen Gate and keep heading to the same direction until you reach the Five Phoenixes Building. Stop there and buy ticket from each side of this building to visit famous royal city – the Forbidden City.
The Forbidden City was the home of royal family and the political centre during the Ming and Qing Dynastys. It was begun in 1407 and finished in 1420. The Forbidden City has 9999 houses. It was divided into four parts, the outer court, east inner court, west inner court and royal garden. There are 12 ranks for all the buildings in the city. They are ranked by the number of beasts at the four corners of the rooves and by the structure of the rooves. If you intend to visit the Forbidden City in this tour, please add an additional two hours to this tour.
Coming out from north gate of the Forbidden City, you need to take bus 109 for one stop at the other side of street. Get off the bus and you will see Beihai park directly ahead.
Beihai Park used to be the winter palace of royal family. The whole park is full of ancient buildings. You definitely can’t miss this attraction. The first construction of this range of architecture was during the 10th Century, but it was rebuilt in 1651. The symbol of Beihai Park is the white Tibetan-style pagoda on the small hill.